ارزیابی عملکرد زمانی و مکانی بهره‌برداری و مدیریت تحویل آب در شبکه آبیاری یامچی اردبیل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

برای ارزیابی عملکرد بهره­برداری از شبکۀ آبیاری یامچی، حجم آب تحویل داده شده به واحدهای زراعی در دورۀ بهره­برداری سال­های 91-90 تا 94-93 و تغییرات سطح زیرکشت محصولات مختلف تهیه شد و پس از برآورد نیاز آبی محصولات با استفاده از روش پنمن-مانتیث-فائو، شاخص­هایی همچون تأمین نسبی منابع آب، تأمین نسبی آب آبیاری، نسبت حجم آب تحویلی و نسبت رطوبت قابل دسترس محاسبه شدند. نتایج بررسی­ها نشان می­دهد که شاخص تأمین نسبی آب آبیاری حدود 4/0 و 5/0 و شاخص تأمین نسبی منابع آب حدود 5/0 و 6/0 به­ترتیب در دو سال آخر دورۀ بهره­برداری بوده است که نشان می­دهد حدود 50 درصد کمتر از نیاز آبی محصولات، آب تحویل شبکه شده است. در طول دورۀ چهار سالۀ بهره­برداری، سهم بارندگی در تأمین نیاز آبی محصولات در دو ماه اول (اردیبهشت و خرداد) بیشتر از دو ماه انتهایی (تیر و مرداد) آن بود. ارزیابی عملکرد زمانی و مکانی تحویل و توزیع آب در شبکه با استفاده از تصویرهای ماهواره­ای و تفسیر آنها نشان می­دهد که در سال­های آخر بهره­برداری، سطحی وسیع از اراضی دچار خشکی شدید بوده است و نیز اینکه سطح زمین­های با تأمین کامل نیاز آبی کاهش یافته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Spatio-Temporal Performance and Water Delivery Management of Yamchi Irrigation Network in Nam, W. H., Hong, E. M. and Choi, J. Y. 2016. Assessment of water delivery efficiency in irrigation canals using performance indicators. Irrig. Sci. 34, 129-143.Ardabil Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amin Kanooni 1
  • Armin Abedi 2
1 Water Engineering Department, Mohaghegh ardabili university, Ardabil, Iran
2 Water engineering department, Mohaghegh ardabili university
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the performance of Yamchi irrigation network located at the downstream of Ardabil reservoir dam, the necessary data with regards to water delivered to irrigated areas during four operating years (2012-2015) and cropping pattern variability of cultivated crops were acquired from Ardabil Regional Water Authority. Next water requirement of crops was estimated using Penman-Montith-FAO method and then performance of the irrigation network was evaluated by different performance indices  such as Relative water supply (RWS), Relative irrigation supply (RIS), Water delivery index (WDI) and Ratio of moisture availability. The results showed that the performance indices in last two years were 0.4 and 0.5 for RWS and 0.5 and 0.6 for RIS respectively. This indicates that water delivered to the crops through irrigation network was up to 50% less than their requirements. Rainfall contribution to crop water requirement in the first two months (May and June) was higher than the last two months (July and August) during the operating period. Delivery and distribution performance evaluation of network with respect to spatial and temporal scale using satellite images showed that the land area due to severe drought increased and that land area depended on irrigation water supply was decreased in the finishing years of project.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Evaluation Indexes
  • performance
  • Remote Sensing
  • Yamchi Irrigation Network

Al-Zayed, I. S., Elagib, N.A., Ribbe, L. and Heinrich, J. 2015. Spatio-temporal performance of large-scale Gezira irrigation scheme, Sudan. Agric. Sys. 133, 131-142. 

 

Aman, M. 2003. Evaluating and comparing the performance of different irrigation systems using remote sensing and GIS (A case study in Alentejo region, Portugal). M. Sc. Thesis. Water Resources and Environment Management. International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation Enschede, The Netherlands.

 

Arunkumar, R. and Ambujam, N. K. 2012. Performance assessment of canal irrigation system. ISH J. Hydraul. Eng. 16, 146-155.

 

Bandara, K. M. P. 2003. Monitoring irrigation performance in Sri Lanka with high frequency satellite measurments during the dry  season. Agric. Water Manage. 58(2): 159-170.

 

Dindarlou, A., Kamgar-Haghighi A., Sepaskhah, A. R., Zandparsa, Sh., Honar, T., Dalir, A. and Behnamifar, A. 2011. Evaluation of Equity in Distribution Water by Hydromodule Index: in Ordibehesht channel in Dorudzan Dam. Iranian J. Irrig. Drain. 2(5): 158-164. (in Persian)

 

El-Sayed, S. M. 2006. Application of GIS and remote sensing in irrigation networks management. 10th International water Technology Conference. March 24-25. Alexandria, Egypt.

 

Foerster, S., Kaden, K., Foerster, M. and Itzerott, S. 2012. Crop type mapping using spectral-temporal profiles and phenological information. Comput. Electron. Agric. 89, 30-40.

 

Golabi, M., Bezad, M. and Bromand-Nasab, S.  2006. Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensiong (RS) in irrigation management. 1st National Conference on Irrigation Network Management. Ahvaz, Iran. (in Persian)

 

Jibril, G., Saidu, M. and Yabagi, A. A. 2017. Performance evaluation of Badeggi irrigation scheme, Niger state Nigeria, using efficiency techniques. Scholarly J. Sci. Res. Essay. 6(2): 42-47.

 

Kogan, F. N. 1995. Droughts of the late 1980s in the United States as derived from NOAA polar-orbiting satelite data. B. Am. Meteorol. Sco. 76(5): 655-668.

 

Khoshnavaz, F., Honar, T. and Daneshkar-Arasteh, P. 2015. Estimation of agricultural water productivity using remote sensing technology (case study: Qazvin plain irrigation network). Water Soil Sci.
25(1): 57-68. (in Persian)

 

Kloezen, W. H. and Garces-Restrepo, C. 1998. Assessing irrigation performance with comparative indicators: the case of the Alto Rio Lema Irrigation District, Mexico. Research Report. No. 22. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

 

Lenton, R. L. 1984. A Note on Monitoring Productivity and Equity in Irrigation Systems. In: Pant, N. (Ed.) Productivity and Equity in Irrigation Systems. Ashish Publishing House, New Delhi.

 

Levine, G. 1982. Relative water supply: An explanatory variable for irrigation systems. Technical Report, No. 6. The Determinants of Irrigation Problems in Developing Countries. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University.

 

Malano, H. and Burton, M. 2001. Guidelines for benchmarking performance in the irrigation and drainage sector. Proceedings of international programme for technology and research in irrigation and drainage FAO, Rome.

 

Moreno-Perez, M. F. and Roldan-Canas, J. 2013. Assessment of irrigation water management in the
Genil-Cabra (Cordoba, Spain) irrigation  district using irrigation indicators. Agric. Water Manage.
120, 98-106.

 

Muruganantham, M.  and Krishnaveni, M. 2015. Water delivery performance evaluation of a tank irrigated system and best management practices for paddy agriculture. Indian J. Sci. Technol. 8(15). DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2015/v8i15/71645.

 

Nam, W. H., Hong, E. M. and Choi, J. Y. 2016. Assessment of water delivery efficiency in irrigation canals using performance indicators. Irrig. Sci. 34, 129-143.

 

Norouzi-Aghdam, E. and Karami, V. 2010. Applying remote sensing tecnology in monitoring and evaluating of irrigation and drainage network. 12th Seminar of Iranian National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage. Feb. 24-25. Tehran, Iran. (in Persian)

 

Salvador, R., Martinez-Cob, A., Cavero, J. and Playan, E. 2011. Seasonal on-farm irrigation performance in the Ebro basin (Spain): crops and irrigation systems. Agric. Water Manage. 98(4), 577-587.

 

Wan, Z., Wang, P. and Li, X. 2004. Using MODIS land surface temperature and normalized difference vegetation index products for monitoring drought in the southern Great Plains, USA. Int. J. Remote Sens. 25(1): 61-72.

 

Wardlow, B. D. and Egbert, S. L. 2008. Large-area crop mapping using time-series MODIS 250 m NDVI data: an assessment for the US Central Great Plains. Remote Sens. Environ. 112(3): 1096-1116.