عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The cost of concrete gravity dams is more than other dams, Therefore in order to make the project more economical, optimization of dimensions with aim of reducing the volume of concrete used, becomes a necessity. In this study keeping in view the sustainability situation, dimensions of Koyna concrete gravity dam was developed and optimized by using Honey Bee Mating Optimization model in the Matlab software. The results show that the volume of concrete used in the construction of this dam is equal to 3633 m3 for existing dimensions, and Under optimal dimensions it declined to 3312.52 m3, which indicates a reduction of 8.82 percent in the objective function value (volume of concrete used in the construction of the dam). Therefore it can be concluded the reduced volume of concrete used for the construction of the dam makes a considerable saving on the costs of the project, and hence the project will be economical.
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